The Yorkshire terrier is one of the most popular dog breeds in the entire world. Most people know the Yorkshire terrier by its nickname the Yorkie. The Yorkshire terrier was first developed in the 19 century in the United Kingdom. They had a very specific job to catch rats in the clothing mills. They worked mainly in the cotton and wool mills in Scotland and England. This dog is uniquely small only weighing between 7 to 12 pounds. These dogs have been known to travel with their owners by purse, because of their small size. This quickly gave them popularity that everyone wanted this special breed.
This dog breed has a very interesting personality. Yorkies honestly think they are big dogs in a little body. This may be a toy dog but the personality is all terrier. The yorkie is very curious with all aspects of life. You know what they say curiosity killed the cat; well this is what this dog breed is all about. This dog breed brings adventure to your home and love to every family member. This is truly a great all around dog for any family to have.
Yorkshire Terrier History
Just like we said above the Yorkshire terrier was bread in the United Kingdom, especially Scotland and brought over to England. Now this dog breed does not look like the working group dog but it definitely is. They were bread to chase and kill the rats in the clothing mills. Eventually more and more people wanted to have these dogs for lap dogs. This was because of this dog breeds beauty and cute simple size.
The yorkie was brought to the United States in the early 1900s and swept the nation with its adorable size. They even became a political symbol for a while because President Nixon had a pet yorkie that also jumped its popularity. Now almost everyone has heard of this breed and they are even competing in the dog shows. They make an amazing pet for any family.
Yorkshire Terrier Size
Yorkshire Terriers are small dogs that are usually less than 15 pounds total. Yorkies is a dog breed that is very inconsistent in size. They can be different inches in height and can also weigh very little or up to 15 pounds. The yorkie is an average of 6 inches to 10 inches at their shoulder. Their weight can be anywhere from 4 pounds up to 15 pounds so that is a huge range of size for the yorkie. The most common weight is around 7 pounds. If your yorkie weighs less than four pounds you may have the teacup yorkie breed. Be careful when purchasing a teacup yorkie because they have a known issue with health problems because of their little size.
The yorkie has a variety of personality traits that make this breed so loveable! First of all the yorkie is extremely smart. They can tell when one of their family members is upset and will come over and care for them. They want to please so they really are curious in what their owners are doing. Yorkies are without a doubt super cuddly! They are just like a cuddly bear, they love to snuggle. Some people say the male yorkies are sweeter. I think it just depends on the dog honestly. Male or female it won’t matter you will definitely have a dog who likes to snuggle.
Don’t let the yorkies size fool you; this dog breed is mighty when they have to be. Yorkies have done some super incredible feats in the past few decades. One is being saving a woman from a burning building! The yorkie is very alert and brave. In a moment’s notice if they feel like someone they love is being hurt they will turn to protect and care mode. Some people may not like a quality like this but I think it’s an absolute great quality for dogs to have. Make sure you are exposing your yorkie to different experiences and socialization. This is good for the breed because it helps them learn to communicate with the people in your home and guests.
Yorkshire Terrier’s Temperament
Don’t get us wrong, the yorkie is very sweet and lovable, but this dog breed can get assertive with their space. If there is another dog around that they are unfamiliar with they could bark and show that this is their territory. Yorkies surprisingly make incredible watch dogs. This is actually a reflection of the yorkies heritage back when they would work in the mills. Yorkies of curse are known for barking and this is because they are either on watch or they want some serious attention. If you train your yorkie from a young age this shouldn’t be a problem.
The yorkie needs daily interaction with people because they thrive on attention and all the love they can possibly get. Depending on if you have your dog first before children this breed could get very jealous when a young child comes along. This breed is used to getting all the attention and now they’re not getting the same amount so it’s best to not have small children around this breed. Now this is not the case with all yorkies just most yorkies I have come in contact with have had this issue.
The yorkie can come in different hues of color. The coat is very important to dog owners because the coat is what helps the yorkie stand out in dog competitions. The typical coat for this breed will be a long straight silky coat. The coat will be short in their puppy years but owners like to grow it out down to their feet. The coat color can be different colors such as tan, dark brown, and even have blue tints to it. Usually the puppies will be darker and each year will lighten more and more.
Yorkshire Terrier Grooming
This breed is not low maintenance when it comes to grooming. They really need to be brushed daily to keep their coat looking nice and straight. If they are not brushed their hair will get tangled and matted up. Regular baths and trips to the groomer are completely necessary to keep your yorkies coat up to maintenance. Most owners like to put little clips or bows in their dog’s hair at the top of their head.
Remember to clip your dog’s hair and sheer them to keep it easy to comb and brush their coat. Also remember to clip nails when needed, and if you are not confident in your ability to clip them take them to your local vet to get them clipped properly. Also make sure ears and eyes are clear of any stuff that could lead to make them sick.
Yorkshire Terrier Health Issues
Any breed can have health issues. The yorkies have a couple that they could possibly get passed down from generations. In no way are we saying your yorkie will get any of these issues. Just keep the issues in mind when checking any health clearances from a breeder.
Slipped stifle – this is the dislocation of the patella bone from the knee joint. This can affect any dog breed but especially the little dog breeds. This can cause pain in the dog’s joints so if you suspect this on your dog check with your vet to get a clear answer.
Early tooth decay – this is when the dental tissues start to decay in your dog’s gums. This is a result from the oral bacteria on the surfaces of their teeth. As long as you take good care of your dog’s teeth then this shouldn’t become a severe issue.
Hypoglycemia – this just like in people when your blood sugar drops and becomes to low you get hypoglycemia. This can be a life altering thing for a dog because you may not know when this is happening.
Portacaval shunt – this is when a weird connection forms between a portal vain and another blood vain collide and create a shunt around the liver. This can be acquired at birth or even gained later in life. If the parents of the dog you are buying have this I would consider choosing a different dog because it can cause a lot of problems for the dog.
Hypothyroidism – this is when the thyroid gland does not create enough of the hormone that you need. This can change your dog’s metabolism which means it will be slower than others. To check if your dog may have this issue see your local vet.
Yorkshire Terrier Exercise
This breed is extremely active for a little pup. They need to get plenty of exercise or they will start display bad behavior. When they display bad behavior it can be in many forms such as barking, peeing when they aren’t supposed to, or even disobeying orders. Make sure you are giving your dog at least one 30 minute walk a day. Of course the more walks the better but if you don’t have the time one should be sufficient enough. This will help expel their entire pint up energy allowing them to be good.
Yorkshire Terrier Training
Training is one of those things that vary from dog to dog not breed to breed. Typically because of the yorkies tiny size when they make an accident in the house its small; so owners usually blow it off which makes it very difficult to house train the yorkie breed. Like I said of course this is not true with every dog; each dog is different and learn things at a different pace. Once you start training your yorkie it should come easily as long as you keep at it. Another thing the yorkie breed needs to be trained on is how not to bark constantly. Yorkies do have a very yappy bark which can get extremely annoying to owners and other people. Obedience training should help this issue. Remember to always reward good behavior with treats or toys!
Yorkshire Terrier Feeding
The recommended amount of food to feed a yorkie is either a ½ cup or ¾ cup divided into two meals. If you feed them this much twice a day it will be too much food so remember to divide it for breakfast and for dinner. If your dog seems to still be hungry for more food than that always consult your veterinarian. The size and build of yorkies is different from others so the food might be a little different depending on the size of your dog. The quality of your dog’s food will also play a factor so make sure your buying high quality dog food that if you were a dog you would eat. Cheap dog food can contain harmful chemicals that can cause cancer and diseases in dogs.
Yorkshire Terrier Puppies
Yorkie puppies are very small at birth. They are smaller than most puppies only weighing around one to two ounces. Each of their life they should gain a little of weight gradually. Their hair is usually darker when first born and they will lighten up as they age. They will just have small tuffs of hair when first born. Eventually as they grow bigger get in the habit of starting to groom at a young age because their hair will need to be groomed every day when they are adult dogs.