This dog breed is also known as the Brazilian mastiff.
The dog is very similar to other mastiffs because of its saggy face, which includes hanging skin.
Their bodies are rectangular in shape, and though they are big, they are very agile. The back and neck region is well-muscled, and the chest is deep and broad.
This breed possesses a unique blend of prowess and strength when it comes to movement. When something catches the attention of a Fila Brasileiro dog, the canine will appear alert and firm.
This dog fits right into the working dog title; this breed is known for its great tracking skills, pack leading skills, and intelligence.
This is a bigger dog breed, so you need to be aware of this before purchasing one of these dogs. A small apartment would be too cramped for this type of dog breed.
Fila Brasileiro’s temperament is generally good, with a loving disposition and complete devotion to its master.
This breed is very protective of its pack and will defend if needed and at a moment’s notice. Once bonded, the Fila Brasileiro is completely committed to his or her family.
They adore children in the household and will take quite a lot from them as far as physical interaction and boisterous behavior.
They are very gentle, making them ideal family pets. Fila Brasileiro mastiffs will also bond with other animals in the home.
The unique practice of stopping all socialization after four months of age is widespread among Fila Brasileiro dog enthusiasts.
While the canine socializes well when given the opportunity, stopping interaction from this age on will mold the dog’s temperament into a more anti-social direction.
The idea is that this creates the trademark attitude towards strangers that the breed is often known for.
The Brazilian word “Ojeriza” means a dislike of strangers; this dog embodies that word. Basically, if your dog is not friendly around strangers, you may want to purchase one of those “beware of dog” signs.
Fila Brasileiro puppies will grow into large dogs that measure between 25.5 and 29.5 inches (65 and 75 cm) for males.
Females stand between 23.5 and 27.5 inches (60 to 70 cm) on average.
Males usually weigh between 110 and 180 pounds while females are a little lighter, with an average of at least 90 pounds.
This dog breed will live to an average age of ten years old.
Fila Brasileiro rescue organizations and breeders will usually advise potential owners that this breed is prone to the health conditions typical of bigger canines.
Hip dysplasia is sometimes a problem, as well as bloat, PRA, and elbow dysplasia.
Make sure if you want to prevent bloat that you give your Fila Brasileiro two or three small meals throughout the day instead of one giant one. You will be able to reduce the risk of your dog getting bloat when following those steps.
Anyone adopting Fila Brasileiro puppies must remember that this breed gets quite large. It is not suited to living in an urban setting or limited spaces.
The dog requires room to stretch its long legs and get the exercise it needs to manage energy levels. Fenced in yards in the country are ideal.
You can probably get away with having such a big dog like this in a city atmosphere as long as you take your dog on walks regularly that way, they have room to roam around before going back home to a small space.
Fila Brasileiros are big dogs that can build up a lot of energy. They need lots of daily exercise to maintain good health and a manageable mental state.
They can appear lazy while indoors but still, require regular walks and playtime.
If you do not have the time to get your Fila Brasileiro outside to play you may experience unwanted bad behavior from your dog. This can be anything from barking to the destruction of your home.
You will need to purchase a high protein dog food that has a protein listed in the first few ingredients.
Your Fila Brasileiro will need to have its meals broken up into smaller meals to avoid getting the health condition bloat.
Your dog will need three cups of food each day that should be broken down into three smaller meals.
You can use a mixture of wet and dry dog food.
Based upon what dog food you buy, you will be looking at an average cost of $1.50-$2.00 a day on food for your dog.
The average Fila Brasileiro dog has a life expectancy of 9 to 11 years.
This is quite a good amount of time for a dog of this size.
If you are taking proper care of your dog, you should expect them to be with you for the same amount of time as that life expectancy range.
Grooming a Fila Brasileiro
The Fila Brasileiro mastiff has a short coat that is smooth and very easy to manage. Light grooming should be provided regularly.
Owners should have at least one firm bristle brush on hand. Wiping the canine down with a chamois or soft cloth can help maintain a sleek shine.
This breed is an average level shedder. Bathes and dry shampoo should only be given when required.
Remember to clean the natural folds on your dog’s face as the fold can harbor bacteria if not kept clean.
Also, check your dog’s floppy ears regularly to make sure they are free from dirt, so it doesn’t produce an infection.
The lineage of Fila Brasileiro mastiffs begins with a number of other breeds. It is believed that this canine was created by breeding the bloodhound, bulldog, mastiff, and Rafeiro do Alentejo together.
These breeds were selected to create a canine that could chase down cattle, jaguars, and other animals, even runaway slaves in Brazil.
This type of behavior is often observed in young Fila Brasileiros while at play.
The Brazilian Army used the Fila Brasileiro while in the jungle to observe its aggressiveness, temperament, energy, intelligence, strength, and other factors in a hostile environment. The five-year study resulted in a comparison to the better-known breeds like the German Shepherd and Doberman Pinscher.
What Colors do Fila Brasileiros Come In?
Acceptable Fila Brasileiro dog colors include any solid or brindle coloration except white, patched, mouse grey, black, and tan or dappled. Fawn, black, and brindle are typical.
Cool Traits / Characteristics
The Fila Brasileiro mastiff was bred to chase and corner rather than directly attack.
They are very easy to groom and take care of coat wise. This dog is no for people who have dog allergies. Their hair can cause allergic reactions to allergy suffers.
This dog was used in Brazil for hunting as well as drafting, which means cart pulling.
This dog breed is the national dog of Brazil!
Mostly due to its size and strength, the Fila Brasileiro mastiff is not recommended for first-time dog owners.
This canine is enormous and has a lot of power as well as agility. It’s great with children, but still requires guidance from a leader with experience and knowledge of the breed.
They are not very friendly with strangers, even if you really work with your dog. They are naturally very protective, and this can be very overwhelming to a first-time dog owner.
Fila Brasileiro Puppies
You will get about two to five puppies per Fila Brasileiro litter.
The puppies need milk for a while first until they can transition to large breed puppy food. They will need to eat this until the puppies are eighteen months old.
This dog breed grows very large so it takes longer for the puppies to develop to adult size.
There are no currently recognized Fila Brasileiro mixes.
Close Relatives of the Fila Brasileiro
Here are a few relatives of the Fila Brasileiro:
- English Mastiff