It is short-haired with a smooth or rough coat and soft undercoat. They tend to be stocky, muscular, and wide, which hints at their significant strength.
Mountain Cur breeders will see bobtails in approximately 50% of pups born.
Many are also born with dewclaws on the hind feet, sometimes two per foot. The Mountain Cur’s ears can be short to medium length. Their feet are well-muscled and designed for speed.
Mountain Cur temperament is tough and courageous. These canines are never described as easy-going or submissive.
They must be brave and strong-willed enough to face down vicious large size felines. This dauntless breed is silent while padding on the trail.
They make great guard dogs, but their behavior makes them unappealing for urban or suburban living situations.
Their nose allows them to track game and many will tree prey. Some Mountain Cur breeders focus on treeing while others focus on baying in their breeding programs.
Height & Weight
Mountain Cur size comes to 18 to 26 inches (46 to 66 cm) on average. Mountain Cur weight is usually between 30 and 60 pounds (16 to 29 kg) on average.
Mountain Cur dogs are not prone to any breed-specific conditions.
That being said, the breed is generally at a higher risk for injury while working because they are bred for tasks that can be demanding and often involve other animals.
Just keep that in mind when your dog is out guarding cattle or hunting.
Always watch your dog’s ears closely, as their floppy ears can hide moisture inside them and cause wax build-up. This can also cause very uncomfortable ear infections.
The best living situation for a Mountain Cur dog is in a rural setting with plenty of space. This breed requires daily exercise, which should include a long walk or jog.
An ideal home would be one that includes the Mountain Cur working so the dog can burn off energy and utilize its natural talents.
This breed would not do well in a confined space like a cage or even an apartment. Even though this dog isn’t as big as other breeds, it still needs ample space to roam around.
This dog breed would do wonders outside in a big yard with lots of room to run around.
The Original Mountain Cur was created to work hard and handle tough situations in the wilderness.
This canine requires plenty of exercises, or it can become challenging to handle.
When walking, the dog should always be kept in a submissive position to the side or behind the owner.
This reinforces the owner’s dominance in a positive way. The Mountain Cur dog loves to hunt, which is why this activity is the best way to exercise the animal.
The Mountain Cur needs up to 90 minutes of exercise a day. This exercise can be in the form of a walk, running, swimming, dog courses, and one of their favorite things to do hunting and working.
Your Mountain Cur needs two cups of food a day broken up into smaller meals. This can be two meals or even broken down further into three meals.
High protein food is essential to the Mountain Cur’s diet. This dog breed is very active, so they need to replenish their energy with high protein.
Depending on the high-quality dog food you decide to purchase will ultimately affect the price you are going to pay.
On average, you are going to spend anywhere from $1.00 to $1.50 a day on dog food.
This can cost you anywhere from $35 a month to $45.
Always make sure you are feeding your dog the best possible quality dog food without added fillers, preservatives, or wheat.
Life Expectancy of a Mountain Cur
Healthy Mountain cur dogs usually live for approximately 12 to 16 years. If your dog has no medical issues and is completely healthy they can easily live up to sixteen years of age.
The Mountain Cur dog has a short coat that is very easy to maintain. An occasion brush and grooming is all that is needed.
When they shed in the spring and fall months it is best to brush your Mountain Cur more regularly.
This will reduce the shedding time as well as reduce the amount of dog hair left around your house.
This is not a hypoallergenic dog; the short coat fools people into thinking the breed is hypoallergenic.
Baths should not be given too often to avoid drying out the dog’s skin.
Trim their nails if they are not getting filed down enough and also make sure you are checking the inside of their ears regularly.
Origin of the Mountain Cur
The Mountain Cur dog was originally introduced to America by European settlers. The breed originated in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia with their foreign owners before spreading to Oklahoma and Arkansas.
They were favored as guard dogs and hunting companions. The assistance of this powerful breed helped settlers obtain pelts and meat for trade or personal use.
The Mountain Cur was maintained for almost 200 years. The breed was on the decline as World War II forced some families to leave their rural homes and move into cities to work in factors to support the war effort.
They were rare by the late 1940s. Hugh Stephens, Carl McConnell, Woody Huntsman, and Dewey Ledbetter are credited with saving the breed and setting an official standard for it.
They formed the Original Mountain Cur Breeders’ Association in 1956.
Other Types of Breeds
Although no notable Mountain Cur mix-breeds exist, the Mountain View Cur was developed through selective breeding.
Mountain Cur dogs can be found in:
- Black and Brindle Mix
- Sometimes a Red Color
Sometimes white patches can appear but that is pretty rare.
Cool Traits /Characteristics?
Mountain Cur dogs are excellent hunting companions. They were once considered very valuable because they helped settlers obtain furs and meat.
Curs are great working dogs, and they crave that mental stimulation of being in charge of a job. Whether it is to hunt or guard livestock.
The Mountain cur is actually very protective of its family. They are loyal, and they will almost act like a guard dog around strangers.
They are very friendly and affectionate with other animals as well as children. As long as they get socialization at a young age this breed will naturally be friendly.
Fifty percent of Mountain Curs are actually born with bobtails.
Mountain Cur Puppies
A Mountain Cur Puppy is actually not as expensive as you may think. This breed can run anywhere from $300 to $500. Although that is just an estimate. Many factors can affect the price and can put the price higher or lower.
Find a responsible breeder that can give you information on the puppy’s parents as far as health history, breed information, genes, socialization.
Try to avoid purchasing a dog from a puppy mill at all costs because those dogs typically have health problems and have much lower socialization skills.
A Mountain Cur puppy needs their meals to be broken up into smaller meals throughout the day in either four or five meals.
They eat approximately 3/4 cup to a cup of high-quality puppy food a day.
Good for First-Time Owners? Training?
Mountain Cur dogs are not recommended for first-time owners. This breed is tough and born to work.
They are very rugged and require lots of open space and attention. A strong leader is needed to guide the cur in the right direction, so his or her energy is adequately focused and utilized.
Additionally, if you live in a small space, then this would not be the dog breed for you. It needs a big yeard with plenty of space. The ideal location would be somewhere out in the country.
No notable Mountain Cur mix-breeds currently exist.
There are a few close relatives to the Mountain Cur, here are a few examples:
- Mountain View Cur
- Black Mouth Cur
- Southern Black Mouth Cur