The Mountain Cur breed was made to work hard in rugged environments. This canine embodies the standard cur in terms of appearance.
This medium-size dog breed has been around for a long time in history. It makes an excellent hunting and guard dog.
Here you will find a whole lot of information about the Mountain Cur. In this article, we will talk about history, size, diet and exercise needs, and much more.
Mountain Cur History
The Mountain Cur dog was initially introduced to America by European settlers. The breed originated in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia with their foreign owners before spreading to Oklahoma and Arkansas.
They were favored as guard dogs and hunting companions. In addition, the assistance of this powerful breed helped settlers obtain pelts and meat for trade or personal use.
The Mountain Cur was maintained for almost 200 years. However, the breed was on the decline as World War II forced some families to leave their rural homes and move into cities to work in factors to support the war effort.
They were rare by the late 1940s. Hugh Stephens, Carl McConnell, Woody Huntsman, and Dewey Ledbetter are credited with saving the breed and setting an official standard for it. They formed the Original Mountain Cur Breeders’ Association in 1956. The AKC also accepted this breed into their foundation stock service in 2017.
This is a medium-sized dog breed that is short-haired with a smooth or rough coat and a soft undercoat. They tend to be stocky, muscular, and wide, which hints at their significant strength.
Mountain Cur breeders will see bobtails in approximately 50% of pups born. Many are also born with dewclaws on the hind feet, sometimes two per foot. The Mountain Cur’s ears can be short to medium length. They lay on the side of the face and compliment the horse nicely. Their feet are well-muscled and designed for speed.
Mountain Cur Coat
The coat of the Mountain Cur has a normal density, and it has a straight texture. The length of the coat is medium. Mountain Curs do have an undercoat that will need to be brushed as well as the rest of the coat. However, since this coat is only medium in length, it will be quite easy to groom. Below you will find the variety of colors that your Mountain Cur can possibly come in.
What Colors Do They Come In?
Mountain Cur dogs can be found in:
- Black and Brindle Mix
- Sometimes a Red Color
Sometimes white patches can appear but that is pretty rare. Your Mountain Cur will likely have brown eyes and a black nose.
Mountain Cur’s temperament is tough and courageous. These canines are never described as easy-going or submissive. They must be brave and strong-willed enough to face down fierce large-size felines. This dauntless breed is silent while padding on the trail.
Mountain Cur dogs are excellent hunting companions. They were once considered very valuable because they helped settlers obtain furs and meat.
They make great guard dogs, but their behavior makes them unappealing for urban or suburban living situations. Their nose allows them to track game, and many will tree prey. Some Mountain Cur breeders focus on treeing while others focus on baying in their breeding programs.
They are very friendly and affectionate with other animals as well as children. As long as they get socialization at a young age, this breed will naturally be friendly. However, older children are probably best around this dog breed, and other children can do more activities with their dogs, such as running, trail walking, and much more.
Height & Weight
Mountain Cur size comes to 18 to 26 inches (46 to 66 cm) on average. They generally weigh between 30 and 60 pounds (16 to 29 kg) on average.
Mountain Cur Health Problems
Mountain Cur dogs are not prone to any breed-specific conditions. That being said, the breed is generally at a higher risk for injury while working because they are bred for tasks that can be demanding and often involve other animals. So just keep that in mind when your dog is out guarding cattle or hunting.
Ear Infections – Always watch your dog’s ears closely, as their floppy ears can hide moisture inside them and cause wax build-up. Unfortunately, this can also cause very uncomfortable ear infections.
Dry Skin – This breed can also suffer from dry skin. If your dog’s skin is sensitive, try using a sensitive skin shampoo that will help moisturize your dog’s skin more. You can also get a recommendation or your vet on what you can put on your dog’s dry skin.
Since there aren’t many health issues to worry about with the Mountain Cur, just make sure you continue to keep up with your dog’s general appointments with the veterinarian. The vet will let you know if anything looks concerning health-wise.
Life Expectancy of a Mountain Cur
Healthy Mountain cur dogs usually live for approximately 12 to 16 years. However, if your dog has no medical issues and is completely healthy, they can easily live up to sixteen years of age.
Mountain Cur dogs are not recommended for first-time owners. This breed is tough and born to work.
The best living situation for a Mountain Cur dog is in a rural setting with plenty of space. This breed requires daily exercise, which should include a long walk or jog. An ideal home would be one that includes the Mountain Cur working so the dog can burn off energy and utilize its natural talents.
This breed would not do well in a confined space like a cage or even an apartment. Even though this dog isn’t as big as other breeds, it still needs ample space to roam around. This dog breed would do wonders outside in a big yard with lots of room to run around.
Curs are great working dogs, and they crave that mental stimulation of being in charge of a job, whether it is to hunt or guard livestock. The Mountain cur is actually very protective of its family. They are loyal, and they will almost act like a guard dog around strangers.
The Original Mountain Cur was created to work hard and handle tough situations in the wilderness. This canine requires plenty of exercises, or it can become challenging to handle.
When walking, the dog should always be kept in a submissive position to the side or behind the owner. This reinforces the owner’s dominance positively. The Mountain Cur dog loves to hunt, which is why this activity is the best way to exercise the animal.
The Mountain Cur needs up to 90 minutes of exercise a day. This exercise can be in the form of a walk, running, swimming, dog courses, and one of their favorite things to do is hunting and working.
If you cannot commit to giving your dog 90 minutes of exercise a day, then this is not the dog breed for you. Keep in mind that you do not need to complete the 90 minutes of exercise all at once. You can break that up into three thirty minutes a day.
Mountain Cur Diet
Your Mountain Cur needs two cups of food a day broken up into smaller meals. This can be two meals or even broken down further into three meals. High protein food is essential to the Mountain Cur’s diet. This dog breed is very active, so they need to replenish their energy with high protein.
Depending on the high-quality dog food you decide to purchase will ultimately affect the price you are going to pay. Always make sure you feed your dog the best possible quality food without added fillers, preservatives, or wheat.
Mountain Cur Grooming
The Mountain Cur dog has a short to medium-length coat that is very easy to maintain. An occasional brush and grooming is all that is needed. However, when they shed in the spring and fall months, it is best to brush your Mountain Cur regularly.
This will reduce the shedding time as well as reduce the amount of dog hair left around your house. This is not a hypoallergenic dog; the short coat fools people into thinking the breed is hypoallergenic. Baths should not be given too often to avoid drying out the dog’s skin.
Trim their nails if they are not getting filed down naturally enough. I know a lot of pet owners struggle with this task, so my recommendation to you is to take your dog to a groomer to do this, or some vets will even do this during your annual visit.
Also, make sure you are checking the inside of their ears regularly. They can get very dirty if your dog spends a lot of time outside. Cleaning your Mountain Curs ears will ensure that they will stay ear infection-free. Make sure you are drying the ear well when done cleaning.
Mountain Cur Training
Training is crucial with all dog breeds, even the Mountain Cur. It is ideal to start training your Mountain Cur when it is a puppy. First, start teaching the basics and obedience training.
This breed can be stubborn, so make sure you are a strong leader that will be able to train your dog effectively. There is no shame in hiring a trainer for your dog. If you cannot do this, I encourage you to look into some training lessons with your dog. It can make a difference.
Most dogs can be motivated by reward-based training. I also recommend looking into this so your dog can learn that training is fun, and your dog will get rewarded from it.
Mountain Cur Puppies
A Mountain Cur Puppy is actually not as expensive as you may think. This breed can run anywhere from $300 to $500. Although that is just an estimate. Many factors can affect the price and can put the price higher or lower.
Find a responsible breeder who can give you information on the puppy’s parents regarding health history, breed information, genes, and socialization. Try to avoid purchasing a dog from a puppy mill at all costs because those dogs typically have health problems and have much lower socialization skills.
A Mountain Cur puppy needs its meals to be broken up into smaller meals in either four or five meals throughout the day. They eat approximately 3/4 cup to a cup of high-quality puppy food a day.
Mountain Cur Litter Size
A healthy female Mountain Cur can have between three to eight puppies in a litter. Keep in mind all females are different, and some can have more than that estimated range. You can take your female to the vet, and they can do an ultrasound to see how many puppies she is carrying.
In this section, I like to give you, the reader, a summary of the article by listing the key points you should know.
- The Mountain Cur was brought to the United States by European immigrants. They aided their owner in hunting, and it was a great watchdog.
- Mountain Curs have a short to medium-length coat. This is a shedding dog breed, so don’t get this dog if you have allergies to dog hair.
- This breed can still make a wonderful companion dog breed, and your dog can love children if they are part of the family.
- Surprisingly this breed doesn’t have many health conditions at all. They are actually pretty healthy breeds that could live up to 16 years if healthy.
- Mountain Curs need up to 90 minutes of exercise a day. This is quite a lot compared to other dog breeds.
- Make sure you are feeding your dog a protein-forward diet. This will help your dog replenish those lost calories during exercise.
- You will definitely want to train your dog to learn some basic obedience if you plan on hunting with your dog. You can start training your dog when it is a puppy.
- Always purchase dogs from reputable breeders. This will be one of the ways you can get a healthy dog. Stay away from puppy mills or pet stores when making a dog purchase.
Interested in finding out the answers to some Mountain Cur breed questions? Here you will find some questions that are frequently asked about the breed.
Yes, the Mountain Cur dog can actually be a wonderful family dog. Even though this breed has guard dog tendencies, it still has a friendly demeanor around its owners. If you get your dog as a puppy, you won’t have to worry about your dog being around children. As long as you teach your dog how to socialize properly, your Mountain Cur can be just as friendly and loving as any other dog.
No, many people have this misconception that dogs that are naturally protective or have guard dog tendencies are aggressive, and that is not the case. This is not a naturally aggressive dog breed. If you are ever worried about this aspect, you can train your dog not to be aggressive.
Yes, the Mountain Cur is a very intelligent dog breed. This breed was originally bred to be used to trail and tree small game. They had to be trained to do this, and they are very smart to help their owner hunt and be a great family companion.
No, the Mountain Cur is not a hypoallergenic dog breed. This breed definitely sheds year-round, with even more shedding happening in the spring and fall. If you are someone who suffers from dog allergies, I would not recommend the Mountain Cur to you.
There are a few close relatives to the Mountain Cur, here are a few examples: