The Chihuahua is one of the smallest dog breeds and has a standard weight of 4 to 6 pounds. Chihuahuas require a special diet due to health issues such as hypoglycemia. They are also prone to dental diseases. That’s why it is important to choose one of the best dog food for Chihuahuas to help with those issues.
Their daily maintenance does not include very much exercise, but a proper diet is vital for a healthy life. If their diet is not well-handled Chihuahuas, tend to overeat, resulting in overweight or obesity issues. Below are reviews of several dog foods that are arguably the best dog food for Chihuahuas.
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Best Dog Food for Chihuahuas
Hill’s Science Diet Dry Dog Food
Hill Science is a widely known dog food brand. Many people swear by their formula and think it is the best dog food brand out there.
- Formulated specifically for dogs that have sensitivities or allergies to certain foods.
- Gives your dog optimal digestive health from the prebiotic fiber.
- Specially formulated for small dog breeds, miniature, and toy sizes.
- Gives your dog 392 calories per cup of food it consumes.
- Kibble size is formulated small for small dog mouths and teeth. Kibble spans 6.5mm by 3mm.
- Contains fatty acids, omegas, and Vitamin E to give your dog a healthy coat.
This formula is made to be gentle on your dog’s stomach because most Chihuahuas can have sensitive stomachs. The prebiotic fiber in the food helps give your dogs gut good bacteria to help support gut health. The food is also designed to create firmer stools making it easier to pass and pick up later.
The first ingredient in the food is chicken. You can rest easy knowing your dog will get a good source of protein from it. Other ingredients include brewers rice, yellow peas, pearled barley, and so much more good stuff.
Hill Science has omega 3s in the food as well and vitamin E to keep your dog’s skin healthy and the coat looking healthy and shiny. Each cup of food will provide your Chihuahua with 392 calories and a perfect blend of protein, carbs, and fats. The food is made with all-natural ingredients and back by many veterinarians.
Again, this is our pick for the best dog food for Chihuahua’s with a sensitive stomach.
Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Natural Adult Small Breed Dry Dog Food
Blue Buffalo is a top brand with high quality and premium products. Blue Buffalo does not contain useless fillers found in other low-quality brands. It has no artificial flavors, coloring, or preservatives.
- Blue Buffalo always contains real meat as the first ingredient to ensure your dog is getting a good source of protein.
- Formulated with other all-natural ingredients such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Smaller kibble size for smaller breeds of dogs.
- Added fruits like cranberries will give your small dog antioxidants to help boost the immunity.
- Does not contain wheat, corn, soy, or animal by-products.
- Gives your dog all the nutrients it needs for a healthy life.
It has a well-balanced combination of carbohydrates and high-quality proteins that ensure that all the nutritional requirements of your dog are met.
This specific product from Blue Buffalo is made for small breed dogs. The kibble size is significantly smaller to be gentle on your dog’s small teeth. It also contains antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and omega’s for healthy skin and coat. This food will give your dog 350 calories per cup
Blue Buffalo is manufactured with a feature that enables Chihuahuas to fight joint diseases. It is a good choice for best dog food for Chihuahuas.
Royal Canin Chihuahua Dry Dog Food
Royal Canin is great because they create bread specific dog food to ensure your breed is getting best nutrients it needs instead of a food that is suitable for all small dog breeds.
This will be your Chihuahua’s complete nutrition stop giving your dog a health balance of protein, fats, and carbs. Your dog will get 26 percent protein to 14% fat ratio.
- Perfectly designed for Chihuahuas eight months and older.
- Perfect size kibble for the Chihuahuas small-sized mouth.
- Benefits your dogs coat due to the omega’s and biotin in the food.
- Reduces your dog’s stool order due to the digestive proteins in the food.
- Reduces the odor of your dog’s flatulence.
The kibble has been designed in a shape that will be the easiest for your Chihuahua to pick up. The food is formulated with help gut health proteins. This will make the digestion process easier for your dog. The kibble will also reduce the smell odor of your dog’s stool or farts by reducing the aroma.
Your Chihuahua’s coat will look better and better thanks to the omega -3s, DHA, and biotin in the formula of the dog food. Check out your dog’s coat it should start to look much healthier and shiny thanks to these minerals.
You can start using this dog food when your Chihuahua is an adult. After eight months, your dog will be ready to switch to the Royal Canin Chihuahua Dog Food. Each cup contains 323 calories.
ORIJEN Dry Dog Food for Small Breed Dogs
Orijen Adult Dog Food has a wide range of ingredients, with all having meat in the first 2-3 ingredients. 85% of the ingredients used come from animals, and 2/3 of the food incorporates fresh or raw ingredients.
- This small breed formula is made with turkey, chicken, fish, quail, and even protein rich eggs.
- Every ingredient on the list you can pronounce, and I’m highly impressed with all the protein, fruits, and vegetables in the food.
- Food is designed to help give your dog full body and immune system support.
- Dog food contains fresh, raw, and dried sources of food.
- Supports your small dog’s breeds coat, skin, and eye health.
Orijen focuses on your Chihuahua’s total body health. This will help the body system, aid better digestion, promote healthy eyes, skin, and coat.
This is a very high protein forward dog food which works well for very active dogs. If your Chihuahua is highly active, then this may be just what you’re looking for to keep your dog sustained throughout the day
All of the ingredients they use a freshly sourced, meaning they come right where the company is from in Kentucky. They work with local farmers to produce the best quality ingredients in a sustainable way.
All in all, this is an excellent option to feed your dog. It can get quite expensive, but if you care about quality or quantity, you will love this dog food company.
Best Wet Dog Food for Chihuahuas
Purina Beneful Small Breed Wet Dog Food Variety Pack
This is an awesome value pack of wet dog food that comes in three different flavors for your Chihuahua to enjoy. There is a chicken, beef, and salmon flavor in this variety pack. You will get nine cans of each flavor.
- This is a value pack of 27 cans, all weighing three ounces each.
- All wet food is made with real chicken, beef, and salmon.
- There is sauce in the food to add extra flavor.
- Perfect for adult dogs as a standalone food or eaten along with dry food.
- Complete nutrition in every can.
- One can will feed a dog 3 to 3 ½ pounds in weight. If your dog weighs more than you can give it more.
Each flavor comes with wild rice, tomatoes, and carrots. The product has been designed to give your small dog all the nutrients it needs. You can use this as a stand alone feeding option, or you can mix some wet and dry food together.
The beef and salmon flavor are 86 calories per can, and the chicken flavor is 87 calories. This is also an excellent way to get picky eaters to eat some food. Many dogs like the texture of the shred of meat and vegetables.
Overall, this is an awesome, affordable wet dog food for your Chihuahua. It is perfect for adult aged dogs and provides your dog with complete nutrition. Make sure you feed your dog the appropriate amount according to its weight.
Blue Buffalo Delights Natural Adult Small Breed Wet Dog Food
Blue Buffalo Delights is another awesome option for a wet dog food for your Chihuahua. The first ingredient in this wet food is beef. This is also grain-free, so if your dog has that type of diet, then this is a great option.
- Grain-free dog food option if you don’t want to give your dog grains.
- This wet dog foods first ingredient is beef.
- Free from animal by-products, soy, corn, wheat, artificial flavors, and colors.
- Single serving portion perfect for small dog breeds.
- 85 calories per portion.
Blue Buffalo is a highly trusted dog food brand that puts quality over quantity. Your small dog will love the taste of this fresh dog food made with natural ingredients.
One of the best things about this wet food is it comes in a single-use portion. This means it’s not in a big can that you will have to put away and save for later. You can open this up, give it to your dog and throw it away after your dog is done eating.
This is a complete nutrition wet dog food. This means this serving will give your dog all the protein, carbs, fats, vitamins, and minerals it needs for healthy body function.
Depending on the size of your Chihuahua, you will need to feed it two or three servings. Chihuahua’s are usually between three and six pounds.
Hill’s Science Diet Wet Dog Food, Adult, Small Paws for Small Breeds
Here we have another awesome product by the company Hill’s Science. This is a single serving wet dog food that will give your dog all the nutrition it needs. There are a variety of flavors to choose from as well.
- Comes in a single serving tray.
- Made with ingredients that are easy for your small dog breed to eat.
- Balanced complete nutrition for your Chihuahua.
- Formulated ingredients help contribute to heart health.
- Four different flavors to choose from.
- Perfect for toy and small dog breeds.
- Each container contains 84 calories.
This is perfect for your adult Chihuahua. It is made with well throughout purposeful ingredients that will bring your dog the perfect amount of vitamins and minerals. Beef is the main ingredient in this dog food to give your dog a high-quality protein source.
The Hill Science company is made right here in the United States. Their food is formulated with the help of veterinarians.
The serving size per container is based on your dog’s weight. If your dog weighs 5-6 pounds, it will need two containers of this food a day. Keep that in mind, as one will not be enough for your dog if it is bigger.
Best Dog Food for a Chihuahua Puppy
Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Puppy
Here is another awesome product from the company Blue Buffalo. This is the life protection formula small breed puppies. This formula was created with the highest quality ingredients to give your dog the perfect balance of protein, carbs, fruits, and vegetables.
- Has the same amazing features as the adult version but in puppy form.
- Blue Buffalo always uses real meat as the first ingredient to give your dog a high-quality protein source.
- The puppy formula supports healthy puppy growth and contains DHA and ARA to support your dog’s brain function.
- The food contains great amounts of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
- Free from additives, fillers, and artificial nonsense.
This puppy food formula is made with real premium ingredients. There are also added vitamins and minerals to make your puppy Chihuahua very healthy. This food also contains DHA and ARA, which help support your puppy’s brain function.
This food is also free of additives, fillers, artificial flavors, and colors. Perfect for your growing small breed puppy. The kibble pieces are now even smaller in the puppy food to make sure your puppy can safely eat without choking or hurting their teeth.
This is our top pick for the best dog food for a Chihuahua puppy!
Best Wet Dog Food for a Chihuahua Puppy
Royal Canin Wet Puppy Dog Food
If you want to feed your puppy a high-quality wet food, then you will want to consider the Royal Canin wet puppy food.
- Perfectly formulated for small breed puppies up to 22 pounds and 10 months of age.
- Gives your puppy optimal energy to do all the puppy things.
- Comes in a 3.5 ounce serving size package.
- Made with a great blend of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals.
- Can be fed with dry kibble or as a standalone meal.
This food comes in single serving trays that contain 3.5 ounces of wet food. These trays come in a pack of 24. The Royal Canin can be used on puppies up to ten months in age and up to twenty-two pounds.
The food will help to develop your growing puppies’ digestive tract. The food has very digestible protein in it to make the food pass easily and won’t be as harsh on your dog’s stomach.
The food gives your puppy all the vital vitamins and minerals your dog needs to grow into a healthy adult dog. Each container will give your dog 99 calories. Depending on how much your Chihuahua weighs will determine if your dog needs one or two per day.
Overall, this is a great option for a wet food for your Chihuahua puppy.
Best Dog Food for Senior Chihuahuas
Nutro Natural Choice Senior Dry Dog Food
If you have an older Chihuahua, it is very important that you feed it a senior dog food. Older dogs require different nutrients than adult dogs. A senior food can give your Chihuahua a better immunity, added calcium for your dog’s bone, and nutrients for gut health.
- Perfect for dogs eight years and older.
- Chicken is the number one ingredient in this senior small breed dog food.
- There are no meat by-products, wheat, soy, or corn used in this dog food.
- The kibble is made in a smaller size to be better for a small breed dog as well as softer on the teeth.
- Perfect for your aging Chihuahua and boost its immunity with the antioxidants.
Nutro is a very good brand, and they strive to create high-quality food for dogs. Their senior food is really great. The first ingredient is chicken, not a chicken meal or by-product. The food does not contain any corn, wheat, soy, or animal by-products.
The first ingredient in this dog food is chicken. Other ingredients include barley, brewers rice, split peas, oatmeal, and lots of other great ingredients for senior dogs. You can choose to feed your dog the kibble as is, or you can always add broth to it to make it softer.
This is our top pick for the best dog food for a senior Chihuahua.
Chihuahua Diet and Nutrition
The Chihuahua is a small breed; thus they burn their calories faster compared to larger breeds. They, therefore, require a high intake of calories to replenish the energy they have burned. They have a fast metabolism, which is attributed to the small size of their stomachs.
Chihuahuas also have very small mouths, which means they need a special small breed dog food or toy dog breed food. The kibble size will be significantly smaller, which will be easier for your Chihuahuas small mouth to grab.
All the dog food products above are specially made for small breed dogs. They are designed to provide your Chihuahua with all the nutrition it needs. Below we go more in-depth about each component your Chihuahua will need for a healthy diet.
A good quality protein source is extremely important in all dogs but especially small breed dogs. The Meat should always be the number one ingredient or the most comprised of in your dog’s food.
Important sources of protein include:
Chihuahuas require a protein content of at least 25%, and the protein-to-calories ratio should be good. This is the same as a Chihuahua puppy would need. There isn’t a change you will need when switching from puppy to adult food in the ways of protein.
The use of plant-based proteins is not good for dogs. Dogs can digest animal proteins much easier than the plant-based ones. So, make sure you get a food with one of the proteins listed above.
When your Chihuahua is a puppy, it will get more fats into its diet from the puppy formulated food. This helps your puppy while it is growing.
When your Chihuahua is an adult, it won’t need as much fat. 13% to 15% will be all your adult dog needs. If your dog continues to get too much fat, it will start to gain excessive weight, and that could lead to obesity.
Chihuahuas do burn a lot of energy, so fat helps them replenish some of the lost energy due to their high metabolism.
Your Chihuahua will likely get its fats from:
- Fish oil
- Chicken fat or other animal fats
Your Chihuahua won’t need more than 20% of its diet made up of carbohydrates. A lower carbohydrate diet is actually preferred for smaller dogs; that way, they won’t get obese.
Some examples of carbohydrates you might see in the foods above are from whole grains, vegetables, and even some fruits.
Make sure your dog is getting complex carbohydrates that will not make your dog’s blood sugar level rise and fall. If your Chihuahua has hypoglycemia, then these complex carbohydrates will be essential to your dog’s overall health.
Examples of Complex Carbohydrates
- Sweet Potatoes
- Whole grains
When you feed your dog wet food, it can lower the carb count in your dog’s food. If your Chihuahua can only have 20% carbohydrates in their food, then this may be the way you want to go.
Fruits & Vegetables
One of the easiest ways your Chihuahua can get vitamins and minerals is through the fruit and vegetables it consumes.
Frits and vegetables are also a great way to get in great sources of fiber into your dog’s diet. If you want your dog to pass everything comfortably, make sure you get a good fiber food.
Antioxidants are important for your aging dog; there are tons of vegetables and fruits containing antioxidants.
- Sweet Potatoes
- Leafy Greens
How Much Food Should I Feed my Chihuahua?
Most of the time, dogs need to have two meals per day. This will be the same with your Chihuahua. The daily food allowance will be broken up into two smaller meals throughout the day.
For example, if your Chihuahua eats ½ cup of food a day, then you would feed your dog ¼ cup in the morning and at night.
Food guidelines are set for every type of dog. This is determined by the weight of the dog. A three-pound Chihuahua will eat a lot less than a six pound one.
How Many Calories Does my Chihuahua Need?
A moderately active Chihuahua that weighs about 5lbs requires a daily intake of 200-500 calories.
However, not all Chihuahuas weigh 5lbs; thus, you’ll need to calculate a number of calories based on body weight.
Your dog will require a daily intake of 35 to 45 calories for every pound of body weight.
Best Dog Food Ingredients for Chihuahuas
When choosing dog foods for your Chihuahuas, your first instinct is to provide a suitable meal and has the best ingredients. Just like other small breed dogs, Chihuahuas have a long lifespan.
Therefore, you should strive to provide meals with both short-term and long-term benefits to your dog’s health. The ingredients in these foods should help maintain your dog’s health even in old age.
These dog foods should have a good source of proteins such as fish, venison, bison, chicken, and meat as the top ingredient.
The best dog food for Chihuahuas should also have fruits, vegetables, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates for issues such as hypoglycemia.
Health Problems That Affect Chihuahuas
Dental Problems: This small breed, just like any other dog, is prone to dental problems, and the best way to curb this is by feeding them dry food as opposed to wet food.
Dry food will actually help clean your dog’s teeth as it chews on it. However, brushing your dog’s teeth should not be substituted with eating dry food.
Diabetes: Chihuahuas are also susceptible to diseases like diabetes, especially hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is a condition that leads to a drop in blood sugar.
Obesity: Lastly, Chihuahuas are also prone to obesity. Although obesity cannot be termed as a disease, it can bring about other diseases due to the heavy weight and excess fat.
They are susceptible to obesity as they grow old due to a decrease in physical activity and metabolism rate.
Your Chihuahua’s food should also include the right amount of complex carbohydrates. You can also choose the best dog food for Chihuahuas for a healthy quality of life.
Here are some commonly asked questions about feeding your Chihuahua.
Do Chihuahuas Need a Special Diet?
Yes, depending on your Chihuahua’s age will reflect what type of diet it needs to be on. If your Chihuahua is under nine months of age, it will need to be on a small breed puppy food.
After nine months of age, your Chihuahua will turn into an adult dog. It will need to now switch over from its puppy food to a small breed adult dog food. If your dog continued to eat the puppy food, it would start to get fatter; this will be due to the excessive amount of fat found in puppy food.
When your Chihuahua reaches the age of 10 or 11 it will now be considered a senior dog. Again, senior dogs will need different levels of protein, fats, and carbs in its food.
You will need to switch from the adult food to a senior small breed dog food. This is once again very important because older dogs usually need more vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants in its old age.
What is the Best Dog Food to Feed a Chihuahua?
While all the products above are truly great, we do have a favorite. If you are searching for an adult dog food for your Chihuahua, then I suggest Hill’s Science Diet Dry Dog Food. This is specifically designed for small breeds that can have stomach issues and sensitivities to certain foods.
The kibble is the perfect size for your little Chihuahua’s mouth. The food contains important fatty acids, omegas, and Vitamin E to give your dog a healthy coat and skin. The food will give your dog many vitamins and nutrients your dog needs to thrive.
When Can I Switch Chihuahua Puppy to Adult Chihuahua Food?
Your Chihuahua puppy will need to eat its puppy food until it reaches at least nine months of age. Then you can switch to a wet or dry small breed dog food from our approved list above.
If you are nervous about switching your dog to an adult dog food, then you can always consult your veterinarian to make sure it is the right time.
Choosing an appropriate meal for your Chihuahua is vital since they have special nutrient requirements, and with the best dog food for Chihuahuas above, you will be able to accomplish that task.
Have you used any of the products or brands we have mentioned above? Let us know in the comments below.